In the print­ing indus­try, train­ing was tra­di­tion­al­ly through the com­ple­tion of an appren­tice­ship last­ing many years. From ear­ly in the nine­teenth cen­tu­ry, new process­es devel­oped and although in the ear­ly years train­ing was sim­i­lar­ly ‘on the job’.

Lat­er, col­lege cours­es devel­oped, some with the back­ing of the unions and/or employ­ers. By the mid-twen­ti­eth cen­tu­ry a print­ing appren­tice­ship would include atten­dance at col­lege. Although some cours­es might involve atten­dance at col­lege for a block of time, or on day-release, some appren­tices attend­ed night school after com­plet­ing their day’s work. A num­ber of train­ing films were made, such as a voca­tion­al film about the print­ing trade (1947) and an intro­duc­tion to type­set­ting (1959).

Insti­tu­tions in Scot­land with links to indus­try train­ing include:

For many years, Heri­ot-Watt Col­lege, as it then was, was respon­si­ble for train­ing print­ers in Edin­burgh. The syl­labus of class­es offered dur­ing the first World War shows the range of sub­jects offered. In addi­tion, print­ing class­es in Edin­burgh were run by Edin­burgh Typographia from the late 1880s: you can down­load the syl­labus for the ses­sion 1891–1892 [PDF 11.7Mb] and William Maxwell’s Address to the Edin­burgh Typographia, giv­en in 1935 [PDF 5.9Mb]